Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in the North West of
England. Liverpool ลิเวอร์พูล is one of England’s core cities, situated along the
eastern side of the Mersey Estuary, with the city centre located about
5 miles inland from the Irish Sea. Liverpool has a varied topography
being built across a ridge of hills rising up to a height of around 70
metres above sea-level at Everton Hill.
In 1190 the place was known as ‘Liuerpul’, meaning a pool or creek with
muddy water. Other origins of the name have been suggested, including
‘elverpool’, a reference to the large number of eels in the Mersey. The
origins of the city date back from August 1207 when patent letters were
issued by King John advertising the establishment of a the new borough
of Liverpool, and inviting settlers to come and take up holdings. In
the 18th century, as trade from the West Indies grew on top of that
from Ireland and Europe, Liverpool began to grow.
The first wet dock in Britain was built in Liverpool in 1715. Liverpool
expanded significantly in the 19th century and a number of major
buildings were constructed. In the 1960s Liverpool became a centre of
youth culture. The city produced the distinctive Merseybeat sound, and,
most famously, The Beatles. In recent years, the city has emphasised
its cultural attractions, winning the accolade of European City of
Culture for 2008.
Place of interest
The infrastructure of Liverpool contains over 2,500 listed buildings.
It is the inheritance of high-minded public spirit since the later 18th
century, largely with Dissenter impetus, that has resulted in more
public sculptures created than in any UK city besides Westminster in
The Anglican Cathedral has the longest nave, largest organ and heaviest
and highest peal of bells in the world.
Architects well represented in Liverpool:
o Giles Gilbert Scott,
o Peter Ellis,
o Harvey Lonsdale Elmes, and
o John Foster
Sir Edwin Lutyens is represented by the completed crypt of his
projected Metropolitan Cathedral, which was built to a simpler design
by Frederick Gibberd.
Some of the famous places to visit are:
o Albert Dock
o Bluecoat Arts Centre
o Cast Iron Shore
o Cunard Building
o Lime Street Station
o Royal Liver Building
o Oriel Chambers design by Peter Ellis.
o The Philharmonic Dining Rooms
o Pier Head
o St George’s Hall
o The Beatles Story
o Williamson’s tunnels
Museums & Art Galleries
Liverpool has some greatest museum and art galleries. Bluecoat
Arts Centre, Merseyside Maritime Museum, Museum of Liverpool Life, the
Beatles Story, and Walker Art Gallery are some of them. Besides museum
and art galleries Liverpool possesses some famous theatres. They
represent Liverpool and its culture, and also a good tourist attraction
in Liverpool. Among all the theaters Empire, Everyman, Neptune,
Philharmonic Hall, The Playhouse, Royal Court, Unity are big names to
Pedestrian shopping areas with boutiques, specialty shops, and
department stores include Church Street, Lord Street, Bold Street,
Whitechapel, and Paradise Street. On the river, Albert Dock also houses
a collection of small shops. For shopping centers Cavern Walks on
Mathew Street, the heart of Beatleland, or Quiggins Centre.
To buy that special piece of Beatles memorabilia, wander through the
Beatles Shop, or the Heritage Shop.
For a huge selection of British crafts, famous places are Bluecoat
Display Centre, with its gallery of metal, ceramics, glass, jewelry,
and wood pieces by some 350 British craftspeople.
Frank Green’s is where one can find prints by this famous local artist
who has been capturing the Liverpool scene on canvas since the 1960s.
These art works includes city secular buildings, churches, and street