In summary, the availability and standards of sex education programs in public schools are very diverse. In Thailand, progress has been made in the field of sex education, with limits promoted in any curriculum revision. The first national policy on sex education in schools was announced in 1938, but sex education was only given in schools in 1978.
Sex education is providing information about body development, sex, sexuality and relationships, along with developing skills to help young people communicate and make informed decisions about sex and sexual health. Sex education should be provided at student level, with information appropriate to the students’ development and cultural background. It should contain information about puberty and reproduction, abstinence, contraception and condoms, relationships, prevention of sexual violence, body image, gender identity and sexual orientation.
Defenders should also work to remove barriers to sexual health, including poverty and lack of access to medical care. All young people need comprehensive sexual health education, while others also need sexual health services. Young people with a disproportionate risk of sexual health inequalities may also need specific silicone sex doll interventions specifically designed to build self-effectiveness and freedom of choice. Comprehensive sexual health education not only teaches the basics of puberty and development, but also teaches young people who have the right to decide what behavior to display and to say no to unwanted sexual activity.
When a responsible adult communicates with adolescents about sexual problems, there is evidence of delayed sexual onset and increased contraception and condom use. While many parents talk to their teens about the risks and responsibilities of sexual activity, a third to half of women aged 15-19 report that they never spoke to a parent about contraception, STIs or “how to say no to sex” 9. There are 35 states that have laws that allow parents to choose sex education for their children.
Forms of diversity include sexual orientation, gender, culture, religion and disability. Sex education often discusses friendships and interactions with adults and shares what is healthy and what is not. Relationships are an important part of identity, which is why extensive sex education is very important. Sex education in schools often treats gender identity and provides resources to students who question their gender. Some believe that sex education should only cover abstinence, while others believe that discussing safe sex is an important part of sex education. The importance of sex education lies in ensuring that all students are aware of the options they have, which can be done through comprehensive sex education in schools.